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What Is Alabama State Capitol?

What Is Alabama State Capitol

First Confederate Capitol
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
The Alabama State Capitol in 2016
Wikimedia | © OpenStreetMap
Location Montgomery, Alabama
Coordinates 32°22′40″N 86°18′2″W  /  32.37778°N 86.30056°W Coordinates : 32°22′40″N 86°18′2″W  /  32.37778°N 86.30056°W
Built 1850–51
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP reference No. 66000152
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL December 19, 1960

The Alabama State Capitol, also known as the First Confederate Capitol, is the edifice that serves as the state capitol for the state of Alabama. It is included on the National Register of Historic Places. It was originally called Goat Hill and may be found in Montgomery; on December 19, 1960, it was designated as a National Historic Landmark because of its location on Capitol Hill.

  1. The Alabama Legislature, in contrast to the legislatures of all other states, convenes not at the Alabama State Capitol but rather in the Alabama State House.
  2. The office of the governor is located in the Capitol, but other than that, the building serves as a museum.
  3. Since it was first recognized as a territory of the United States, Alabama has served as the state capital five different times, and its current edifice is the fourth one to be constructed specifically for that purpose.

The initial capital was the territory capital, which was located in St. Stephens in the year 1817. The state organizing convention was held in Huntsville in the year 1819, and Cahaba was selected to become the first permanent capital in the year 1820. In the year 1826, the state legislature relocated the capital to Tuscaloosa, where it was housed in a brand new structure that was three stories tall.

  1. The Alabama Central Female College was subsequently located at the State House that was built in Tuscaloosa in 1826.
  2. The remnants of the building, which had been destroyed by fire in 1923, were moved to Capitol Park.
  3. In 1846, the capital was relocated once more, this time to Montgomery, which was recognized as the new location.

After only two years of use, the first capitol building in Montgomery, which stood in the same spot as the current edifice, was destroyed by fire. The construction of the present structure began in 1851 and was finished in 1851; further additions of wings occurred during the subsequent 140 years.

These shifts occurred as a direct result of an increase in the state’s population, which occurred when European-American settlers came into the area, either bringing their slaves with them or acquiring additional enslaved African Americans after they had already arrived. The expansion of the cotton industry throughout the state resulted in the migration of population to formerly uninhabited areas.

Before Richmond, Virginia was selected as the capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861, Montgomery served as the first political capital of the Confederate States of America. During that time, the structure that is now the Capitol briefly served in its place as the Confederate Capitol.

The Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States of America was drafted on February 4, 1861, in the Senate Chamber of the Montgomery Convention, by delegates who were gathering as the Montgomery Convention. On March 11, 1861, the convention also decided to approve the Permanent Constitution at this location.

More than a hundred years later, in 1964, the third Selma to Montgomery march came to a finish at the front marble stairway of the Capitol. The marches and the events that surrounded them directly led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
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What is Alabama State Capitol name?

Montgomery eventually replaced Cahawba and Tuscaloosa as the capital of Alabama, succeeding both of those cities. In 1846, the Alabama state assembly decided to relocate the state capital from Tuscaloosa, which was located in the west-central portion of the state, to Montgomery, which is located in the eastern section of the state.

Does Alabama have a capital?

Montgomery is the state capital of Alabama, while Huntsville is the most populous and geographically extensive city in the state.

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Before statehood Alabama Territory
Admitted to the Union December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Capital Montgomery
Largest city Huntsville

Was the US Capitol ever in Alabama?

Stephens in 1817; the state organizational convention was held in Huntsville in 1819; and in 1820, Cahaba was selected to become the state’s first permanent capital. In the year 1826, the state legislature relocated the capital to Tuscaloosa, where it was housed in a brand new structure that was three stories tall. Alabama State Capitol.

Significant dates
Designated NHL December 19, 1960

Does Alabama have two capitals?

Since the state of Alabama became a part of the United States, it has been home to five different capitals. Beginning in the year 1817, the role of territory capital was fulfilled by the town of St. Stephens, which was located in the area that is today known as Washington County.

After Alabama was admitted as a state in 1819, the capital was relocated to Huntsville for the first state constitutional convention. The following year, the capital was relocated to Cahaba, which is located in Dallas County, following significant lobbying efforts by various political groups. In 1826, the state legislature voted to move the capital from Montgomery to Tuscaloosa, where it remained until 1846, when the centrally located Montgomery was selected as the permanent state capital.

As the power centers in the state began to shift, political factions began to push for a new site, and in 1826, the state legislature voted to move the capital.

What is the capital for all 50 states?

A list of the capital cities of the states that make up the United States

state capital population of capital: estimated
Alabama Montgomery (2018 est.) 198,218
Alaska Juneau (2018 est.) 32,113
Arizona Phoenix (2018 est.) 1,660,272
Arkansas Little Rock (2018 est.) 197,881

What is Alabama known for food?

These dishes highlight just a few of the delicacies that have made Alabama famous across the country. Alabama was the 22nd state to join the United States of America and is often referred to as the “Heart of Dixie.” It was in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955, that Rosa Parks famously refused to give up her seat on a bus, making the city the epicenter of the Civil Rights movement.

Along with many other southern states, Alabama is famous for its barbecue, and the state even has its own own original White BBQ Sauce. However, it is also well-known for a wide variety of additional southern and soul food classics, such as Fried Green Tomatoes, Classic Southern Smothered Pork Chops, Collard Greens, Fried Chicken, Shrimp and Grits, and Tomato Pie.

Desserts such as Traditional Southern Pecan Pie and Homemade Banana Pudding are quite popular. Both of these desserts can be served warm or cold and can be topped with whipped cream or meringue. Even the blackberry and the Lane Cake, the official state dessert of Alabama, are referenced in the book “To Kill a Mockingbird,” which is located in the fictional Alabama town of Maycomb.

What were the first 2 capitals of the United States?

National capitals

City Building Start date
Second Continental Congress
New York, New York Federal Hall March 4, 1789
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Congress Hall December 6, 1790
District of Columbia United States Capitol November 17, 1800

What was the United States called before 1776?

Previously referred to as the “United Colonies,” on September 9, 1776, the Second Continental Congress decided to give the newly formed nation a new name. Since that time, the title of the United States of America has persisted as a constant reminder of liberty and autonomy.

How many capitals does Alabama have?

The story of Alabama’s five capitals, St. Stephens, Huntsville, Cahawba, Tuscaloosa, and Montgomery, begins in a rough semi-civilized village in Washington County and ends in an old cotton town in central Alabama. The five capitals in question are: St.

  1. Stephens, Huntsville, Cahawba, Tuscaloosa, and Montgomery.
  2. Following the political powers and fortunes of the times, as well as amid more noble arguments that the capital should be near the center of the state, the capitals have crisscrossed the state from north to south and east to west.
  3. These bookending governmental centers have caused the capitals to move all over the state.
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It tells the history of Alabama’s governmental institutions, architectural landmarks, and legal framework. It is the narrative of towns, some of which flourished and others of which withered away once the capital moniker moved on. Most importantly, the story of Alabama’s capitals is the story of its people: some whose unending devotion to statehood brought Alabama to life; others who used state government in their rise to power and financial prominence; still others whose generosity and purity of heart kept Alabama on solid moral and financial ground; and still others whose prejudices held back this state when it should have moved forward.

  1. The book “The Five Capitals of Alabama” gives a vivid picture of where we came from, where we are now, and the winding path we took to get here. Mr.
  2. Bailey, Tom (Author) TOM BAILEY is a writer, editor, and a former instructor in the creative writing program at Susquehanna University.
  3. He is also known as “Tom Bailey.” He has written and had published two novels, a collection of short stories, as well as two textbooks on how to write short stories.

In addition to this, his work has been featured in a variety of anthologies and literary magazines, such as DoubleTakes and New Stories from the South. After that, he had his short story, “Snow Dreams,” published. It was chosen for inclusion in the collection for The Pushcart Prize in the year 2000, and it would later serve as the foundation for his first book, titled The Grace that Keeps this World.

Both the John Gardner Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts bestowed upon him the Newhouse Award and the National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in Fiction, respectively. Art Meripol (Photographer) Photographer Art Meripol operates out of Birmingham in the state of Alabama. His works include the travel guide book Alabama Barbecue: Delicious Road Trips as well as the documentary What Happened Here Changed the World, which won the National ADDY Award.

Alabama State Capitol – Montgomery, AL

The purpose of recently presenting that book to the board of UNESCO was to try to get the Civil Rights Trail designated as a World Heritage Site. The book documents historic Civil Rights locations all across the South. In addition to that, he was in charge of all of the photography for the trail’s website, which can be seen at

What is the history of the Alabama State Capitol?

What Is Alabama State Capitol During the American Civil War, the Confederacy’s initial formal headquarters were located at the Alabama state capitol. The Alabama State Capitol serves as the administrative and governmental center for the state of Alabama and is located in Montgomery.

This building is home to the official offices of a significant number of elected officials in the state, including the governor. The Alabama State Capitol building has a rich history that extends back to the middle of the 19th century. Over the course of that century, state legislators relocated the capitol to a number of different places before settling on its current position in Montgomery.

Since that time, the building has had several modifications and extensions, which have allowed it to keep up with the expanding needs of the state government. The state capital of Alabama was located in a number of different cities throughout the early decades of the 19th century before officials made the decision in 1846 to establish a permanent capital in Montgomery.

In 1846 and 1847, the state government decided to finance the construction of a new capital building by issuing a series of construction bonds rather than utilizing tax money. In the year 1846, construction began on what was then known as Goat Hill.1847 was the year when construction was finally finished on the structure, and in December of the same year, the Alabama Legislature started holding its sessions there.

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A massive fire broke out in December 1849 and completely destroyed the Alabama State Capitol, which had only been standing for a few of years at the time. By 1851, the state had finished constructing a new edifice, which lay on the foundation of the previous capital building.

  • This building served as the state capitol.
  • This building was designed in the style of the Greek revival period and features a front portico, majestic columns, and a spectacular central dome as part of its architecture.
  • The state legislature was allowed to gather in the structure that served as the state capitol for the first time since October 1851.

Before moving to Virginia in 1862, the Confederate administration made its initial home in the Alabama State Capitol in 1861. This occurred before the government was transferred to Virginia. In 1861, in addition to Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, the first president of the Confederacy, administered the oath of office on the front steps of the Alabama State Capitol.

The Alabama State Capitol received several renovations and expansions throughout the course of the subsequent 150 years. The original three-story house had a substantial back expansion constructed in 1885 to accommodate the growing population. The Beaux Arts architectural style, which was at the height of its popularity in 1906, was utilized in the construction of an extension to the south end of the structure.

This addition was completed in the year 1906. In 1930, lavish murals were painted on the inner walls of the central rotunda as part of a renovation project. Because of the considerable reconstruction and rehabilitation work that needed to be done, the Alabama Legislature was had to relocate its activities from 1985 until 1992.

After all of this construction was finished, the legislature decided that it would continue to hold its sessions at the state house, where they have been doing so ever since. The operations that had been suspended were picked back up once the state’s governor and other elected officials moved back into the Capitol building.

Due to floods in the state house in 2009, the legislature was only able to gather for a short period of time at the Alabama State Capitol. Today, tourists may take guided tours of the State Capitol, which include stops at period chambers and a miniature museum devoted to the state’s past.

What was the first capitol in the state of Alabama?

In the same year (1818), the territorial assembly designated Huntsville as the interim seat of government and Cahawba, which is located close to where Selma is located today, as the first permanent capital. Huntsville served as the location for both the constitutional convention and the legislative session that led to Alabama’s admission into the Union on December 14, 1819.

What does capital of Alabama stand for?

1. the state capital of Alabama, located on the Mobile River; it is the most populous city in Alabama. Montgomery. Alabama, often known as the Heart of Dixie, the Camellia State, and AL, is a state located in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico. During the American Civil War, Alabama was one of the states that joined the Confederacy.

What is the address of the Alabama State Capitol?

In the following section, you’ll find the Alabama State Capitol Building’s contact information, which includes an email address, a telephone number, a website, and its official address for receiving mail and packages. The Alabama State Capitol Building may be found at the following address: 600 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery, Alabama 36130, United States.