Continue to the main article Plants play a vital part in the function of rain gardens, including the following: Provide a habitat for animals and visual appeal throughout the year § Take up nutrients and some of the heavy metals that are present in the runoff from stormwater. Improve the soil’s infiltration rates while while maintaining its stability. When choosing plants for your garden, it is important to be aware of the hardiness zone in your region. Figure 29. USDA Alabama plant hardiness zones Plant rain gardens in accordance with the wetness zones shown in figure 30. The plants that are utilized in rain gardens need to be able to survive in both damp and dry environments. It is recommended that the portion of the rain garden that collects water for the longest period of time, or the heart of the garden, be where you put plants that thrive in moist environments.
- Placement on the slope of the rain garden should be reserved for vegetation that thrives in dry environments.
- Water zone.
- This is the section of the rain garden that is the most expansive and will hold the most water for the longest period of time, in contrast to the more exposed margins.
- Plants that can withstand significant runoff over extended periods of time should be placed in this zone.
Bottom zone. This region is the one that pools the most frequently and is the most shaded part of the garden (cool night air tends to circulate in this low spot). Plants that are able to survive under conditions of persistent standing water can thrive in this zone.
- Sloped zone.
- These sloping sides are what the rain garden has to offer.
- Runoff causes this area to become wet on occasion, although it does not accumulate water for an extended period of time.
- Plants should be chosen for this area that can withstand periods of dryness in addition to periodic flooding.
- Edge zone.
This encompasses the perimeter as well as the region immediately surrounding it. Wetness varies on site circumstances. This is the section of the garden that is the hottest and driest. Planting ground cover can be helpful in preventing erosion, which is a problem in many areas.
- Avoid planting trees, plants with aggressive root systems, and plants that cannot handle having “wet feet” in your rain garden since trees often take up root area and can shadow out other plants (they are susceptible to root rot).
- Figure 31 shows an example of a symmetrical planting scheme, which works particularly well for areas that can be viewed from above or in an aerial perspective.
Figure 32 shows an example of a planting design that is more natural, with plants grouped according to color and ordered by height so that the majority of plants and the colors they produce are visible. Creating a planting design for a rain garden makes installation much simpler by assisting you in determining how many plants to purchase and where to position particular plants in the rain garden. Tolerance for water use Which types of plants are most suited to thrive in the various zones of the rain garden? Aesthetics. Consider how the appearance of your rain garden will change depending on the vantage point. You may place taller plants in the centre of the garden if you choose plants that are proportionate to the size of the garden.
In addition, you can aid preserve clearly defined margins by utilizing appealing plant groupings and sedges or stones along the exterior of the garden. Development of a plant. Make your planting decisions based on the eventual height of the plants when they reach full maturity. When you initially plant them, they may appear to be rather little and far apart, but as they mature into their full size, they will require more space.
Relevance to the current season Include in your garden plants that bloom at different times throughout the year. Take into consideration the inclusion of species that retain their needles year-round or that exhibit vibrant fall coloration. Check out table 3 for more suggestions on what kinds of plants you may include in your rain garden.
- Take readings from a distance away from the plants’ centers.
- Plant perennials at a distance of one foot apart.
- Most grasses need to be spaced out between two and three feet.
- Most small to medium-sized bushes need to be spaced between three and five feet apart.
- Larger bushes should be planted at a distance of 6 to 8 feet apart.
Place trees according to the size they will reach when fully grown. Take note: check the plant label for recommended spacing. It is advisable to create a sketch of the landscape, but an equation may also be utilized to compute the number of plants needed depending on the spacing pattern that has been chosen.
amount equals area in feet squared multiplied by the required number of square feet per plant How many herbaceous perennials would be required for planting in a rain garden with a surface area of 100 square feet, with each plant spaced out at a distance of two feet, using a rectangle planting pattern? The Equation for Spacing ft.2 /plant = (X)(X) = X 2 ft.2 /plant = (2)(2) = 4 Quantity = 100 ft 2 divided by 4 ft 2 each plant = 25 plants The Equation for Triangular Spacing ft.2 /plant = YX = ft.2 /plant = = 3.4 Quantity = 100 feet squared divided by 3.4 feet squared per plant = 29 plants Plants are considered invasive species if they are not native to the ecosystem in which they are found, and their introduction into the ecosystem is likely to cause environmental damage without delivering an equal or larger benefit.
Plants that are indigenous to your area are your best bet when it comes to maintaining the health of the ecosystem that has developed naturally there. Do your research before purchasing anything from a large box store since these establishments may sell invasive species. A protective covering of a substance called mulch is applied on top of the soil in the form of a layer. Both organic and inorganic materials can be used as mulches. Examples of organic mulches include straw, bark chips, and similar materials (such as stones or brick chips).
- The use of organic mulches is strongly encouraged since their decomposition results in the recycling of the soil’s nutrients.
- Figure 42.
- Asclepias incarnata, often known as swamp milkweed, is a natural plant that may grow up to three to four feet tall and as broad.
- It blooms in the spring and early summer with pink or white flowers and thrives in full sun to partial shade, in both normal and wetland environments.
(U.S. Forestry and Wildlife Service, Midwest Region, is responsible for this photograph.) Advantages of Using Mulch Protects the ground from erosion and lessens the impact of severe rainfall, which can lead to soil compaction. Helps to retain moisture, hence lowering the amount of often required irrigation Maintains a more even soil temperature It suppresses the growth of weeds and gives the landscape a more polished appearance.
Nandina domestica (sacred bamboo) fall olive bamboo Ivy from England The Japanese climbing fern, the Chinese privet, and the cogon grass Japanese privet kudzu silk tree mimosa tallow tree tropical soda Japanese privet kudzu tropical soda wisteria and apple General Guidelines Avoid utilizing mulches that are too fine in size since they have a propensity to blow away.
The use of cypress mulch should be avoided since it is extracted from unsustainable cypress wetlands and is thus not advised. To prevent the loss of nitrogen from young plants during establishment, use mulch that has been aged for at least six months.
Eep in mind that the length of time you apply the mulch will depend on what you want it to do. In the summer, the temperature of a mulched soil will be lower than the temperature of a nearby unmulched soil; in the winter, the mulched soil could not freeze as deeply. When adding mulch, make sure to leave a gap of at least one inch around each plant to help avoid diseases that thrive in environments with high levels of humidity.
Before spreading mulch, you need get rid of the weeds. It is important to water the garden when it is first planted as well as during lengthy periods of dry weather. In any other case, the water that is provided by the regular rainfall ought should be adequate to keep plant life going. This is an excerpt from the document titled “How to Install a Rain Garden,” which can be found under ANR-2768.
Eve Brantley, a Water Resources Specialist and Professor, Caitlin Sweeney, an Assistant Coordinator, and Naomi Pitts, an Assistant Coordinator, are all a part of the Alabama Extension Water Program at Auburn University. Laura Bell is the Project Coordinator for the program. Caitlin Sweeney and Naomi Pitts are both Assistant Coordinators.
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What planting zone is Birmingham Alabama in?
Additional Maps of Alabama:
|Alabama Location||USDA Hardiness Zone(s)|
|Bessemer||Zone 7b, 8a|
|Bibb County||Zone 8a|
|Birmingham||Zone 7b, 8a|
What Plant Hardiness Zone is Huntsville Alabama in?
The USDA designates the areas surrounding Huntsville, Alabama as Hardiness Zones 7a and 7b.
What zone do I live in Alabama?
Learn the Plant Hardiness Zone Where You Live Within the Southeast section of the United States map, Zones 7b through 8b are where you’ll find Alabama.
What zone is Montgomery AL?
The USDA designates the areas surrounding Montgomery, Alabama as Hardiness Zones 8a and 8b.
What can you plant in February in Alabama?
Proceed to the main content Discover, one month at a time, the essential gardening tasks for maintaining your grass and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, as well as bulbs, roots, and tubers. A calendar for tasks such as soil testing, planting, trimming, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, and indoor plantings—including anything from cauliflower to okra, camellias to dahlias to heritage roses—is included in this document. The planting season for dormant trees is still underway. Fertilize fruit trees. Now is the time to apply half of the prescribed amount of fertilizer for grapes; the other half should be applied not long after the fruit has set. Dormant pruning and grafting should be continued.
Commence planting of the strawberry seeds. The planting season is still ongoing. Camellia exhibits are the best place to learn about the hardy types available in your region. Camellias should be grafted in the middle and southern parts of Alabama. Before the shrubs begin their new growth cycle, treat them all with a fungicide.
Before the start of the new growing season, prune every shrub. It is best not to trim early-blooming species since doing so will eliminate the flower buds. South Alabama should have its hybrid tea roses pruned, but north Alabama should wait a few weeks before doing so.
Continue planting. Annuals that are hardy should have their early plantings replaced. Get beds ready for planting summer annuals. Cannas, amaryllis, gladiolus, and zephyranthes should be planted in southern Alabama; however, planting should be put on hold in northern Alabama for a few weeks. The signals of life are starting to appear on some of the houseplants.
Apply a liquid or soluble fertilizer and do it in accordance with the guidelines provided by the manufacturer. Remember Valentine’s Day. Why not send a bouquet of roses or a plant in a container? If preemergent herbicides were not applied in September and there was a problem with spring weeds the previous year, use them now.
- Centipedegrass might not be completely dormant if the winter in south Alabama was somewhat mild.
- Eep an eye out for diseases caused by fungi.
- Plant the same veggies that were specified for January in the southern and central regions.
- To the existing crops of leafy greens, you should also add carrots, Swiss chard, kohlrabi, lettuce, spinach, radishes, and turnips.
Plant some kale in the north. Planting beets, carrots, collards, garden peas, kale, kohlrabi, mustard, spinach, Swiss chard, radishes, and turnips should be delayed until the month of February is completely over. Planting recommendations for the whole state include asparagus, cabbage, broccoli, onion sets, kale, lettuce, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower. Dial (877) 252-4769 to speak with someone on the Master Gardener Helpline. There is a volunteer from the Master Gardener Extension program standing by to take your call. Visit www.aces.edu to view additional months featured on the Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.
- Frances Sledge is an intern at Auburn University in the department of horticulture, and Kerry Smith is an extension associate in the same department.
- Originally compiled by Dave Williams, a former Extension Horticulturist, and Ron Shumack, a former Extension Horticulturist.
- Both men have since retired.
A review was conducted on the Alabama Gardener’s Calendar for the month of February, ANR-2614 in July 2022. Have you found this to be useful? Een betere vertaling bijdragen
What planting zone is Orange Beach AL?
The USDA designates Orange Beach, Alabama as having a Hardiness Zone of 9a.
What planting zone is Foley Alabama?
|Avg Min Temp (°F)||41||43||50||56||64||71||73||73||69||58||49||43||57|
|Avg Max Temp (°F)||60||63||70||76||83||88||90||90||87||79||70||63||76|
|Avg Precip (In.)||6.13||5.31||6.69||4.5||5.35||5.47||7.7||6.5||5.95||3.5||5.14||4.44||66.69|
What planting zone is Baldwin County Alabama?
USDA Hardiness Zones 8a, 8b, and 9a are all represented in Baldwin County, Alabama.
What planting zone is Alabaster Alabama?
The USDA designates the area around Alabaster, Alabama as having a hardiness zone of 8a.
What growing zone is Pell City Alabama?
The USDA designates Pell City, Alabama as having a hardiness zone of 7b.
What weather zone is Birmingham?
This interactive map, which is based on the USDA Hardiness Zone Map, includes the entirety of the United Kingdom, which extends from Zone 6b all the way up to Zone 10b. The following is a list of hardiness zones applicable to locations in the United Kingdom.
|Birmingham||Zone 9a: -6.7°C to -3.9°C|
|Blackburn||Zone 9a: -6.7°C to -3.9°C|
What zone is Baldwin County AL?
USDA Hardiness Zones 8a, 8b, and 9a are all represented in Baldwin County, Alabama.
What zone is Calera Alabama?
The USDA designates the area surrounding Calera, Alabama as Hardiness Zone 8a.
What zone is Robertsdale Alabama?
The USDA designates the area around Robertsdale, Alabama as having a hardiness zone of 8b.