What Planting Zone Is Montgomery Alabama?
- Jorge Frazier
The USDA designates the areas surrounding Montgomery, Alabama as Hardiness Zones 8a and 8b.
What plant growing zone is Alabama in?
Continue to the main article Plants play a vital part in the function of rain gardens, including the following: Absorb nutrients and some heavy metals that are present in stormwater runoff Stabilize soil and enhance infiltration rates Provide a habitat for wildlife and seasonal aesthetic appeal When picking plants, be aware of your area’s hardiness zone so you know what temperatures your garden will need to endure as well as when time of year is optimum for planting. Figure 29. USDA Alabama plant hardiness zones Figure 30. Rain gardens should be planted in accordance with the various wetness zones. The plants that are utilized in rain gardens need to be able to survive in both damp and dry environments. It is recommended that the portion of the rain garden that collects water for the longest period of time, or the heart of the garden, be where you put plants that thrive in moist environments.
- Placement on the slope of the rain garden should be reserved for vegetation that thrives in dry environments.
- Water zone.
- This is the section of the rain garden that is the most expansive and will hold the most water for the longest period of time, in contrast to the more exposed margins.
- Plants that can withstand significant runoff over extended periods of time should be placed in this zone.
Bottom zone. This region is the one that pools the most frequently and is the most shaded part of the garden (cool night air tends to circulate in this low spot). Plants that are able to survive under conditions of persistent standing water can thrive in this zone.
Sloped zone. These sloping sides are what the rain garden has to offer. Runoff causes this area to become wet on occasion, although it does not accumulate water for an extended period of time. Plants should be chosen for this area that can withstand periods of dryness in addition to periodic flooding. Edge zone.
This encompasses the perimeter as well as the region immediately surrounding it. Wetness varies on site circumstances. This is the section of the garden that is the hottest and driest. Planting ground cover can be helpful in preventing erosion, which is a problem in many areas.
- Avoid planting trees, plants with aggressive root systems, and plants that cannot handle having “wet feet” in your rain garden since trees often take up root area and can shadow out other plants (they are susceptible to root rot).
- Figure 31.
- This is an example of a symmetrical planting design, which works well for areas that can be viewed from above or from an aerial perspective.
Figure 32. An example of a planting design that is more natural, with plants placed by height and grouped according to color, so that the majority of plants and the colors they produce are visible. Creating a planting design for a rain garden makes installation much simpler by assisting you in determining how many plants to purchase and where to position particular plants in the rain garden. Tolerance for water use Which types of plants are most suited to thrive in the various zones of the rain garden? Aesthetics. Consider how the appearance of your rain garden will change depending on the vantage point. You may place taller plants in the centre of the garden if you choose plants that are proportionate to the size of the garden.
In addition, you can aid preserve clearly defined margins by utilizing appealing plant groupings and sedges or stones along the exterior of the garden. Development of a plant. Make your planting decisions based on the eventual height of the plants when they reach full maturity. When you initially plant them, they may appear to be rather little and far apart, but as they mature into their full size, they will require more space.
Relevance to the current season Include in your garden plants that bloom at different times throughout the year. Take into consideration the inclusion of species that retain their needles year-round or that exhibit vibrant fall coloration. Check out table 3 for more suggestions on what kinds of plants you may include in your rain garden.
Take readings from a distance away from the plants’ centers. Plant perennials at a distance of one foot apart. Most grasses need to be spaced out between two and three feet. Most small to medium-sized bushes need to be spaced between three and five feet apart. Larger bushes should be planted at a distance of 6 to 8 feet apart.
Alabama Planting Zones
Place trees according to the size they will reach when fully grown. Take note: check the plant label for recommended spacing. It is advisable to create a sketch of the landscape, but an equation may also be utilized to compute the number of plants needed depending on the spacing pattern that has been chosen.
Amount equals area in feet squared multiplied by the number of square feet needed for each plant Here’s an example: for a rain garden with herbaceous perennials planted at 2-foot intervals in a rectangular spacing pattern, how many plants would be required? X 2 ft.2 /plant = (2)(2) = 4 Quantity = 100 ft.2 4 ft.2 /plant = 25 plants Triangular Spacing Equation ft.2 /plant = YX = ft.2 /plant = = 3.4 Quantity = 100 ft.2 3.4 ft.2 /plant = = 29 plants Invasive species are plants that are not native to the ecosystem and whose Plants that are indigenous to your area are your best bet when it comes to maintaining the health of the ecosystem that has developed naturally there.
Do your research before purchasing anything from a large box store since these establishments may sell invasive species. The Devastation Caused by Introduced Species Impede the development of plants in the surrounding area; are unable to provide sustenance for local fauna throughout crucial life stages; use an excessive amount of resources; clog rivers; and reduce the soil’s stability. A protective covering of a substance called mulch is applied on top of the soil in the form of a layer. Both organic and inorganic materials can be used as mulches. Examples of organic mulches include straw, bark chips, and similar materials (such as stones or brick chips).
- The use of organic mulches is strongly encouraged since their decomposition results in the recycling of the soil’s nutrients.
- Figure 42.
- Asclepias incarnata, often known as swamp milkweed, is a natural plant that may grow up to three to four feet tall and as broad.
- It blooms in the spring and early summer with pink or white flowers and thrives in full sun to partial shade, in both normal and wetland environments.
Mulch’s many advantages (image courtesy of the United States Forestry and Wildlife Service’s Midwest Region) Maintains a more even soil temperature Prevents the growth of weeds and gives the garden a more finished appearance Protects the soil from erosion and lessens soil compaction caused by the impact of heavy rains Conserves moisture, reducing the need for frequent watering Maintains a more even soil temperature Nandina domestica, also known as holy bamboo; autumn olive bamboo; English ivy; Chinese privet; cogon grass; Japanese climbing fern; kudzu; mimosa; tallow tree; tropical soda apple wisteria; and cogon grass.
- General Guidelines Avoid utilizing mulches that are too fine in size since they have a propensity to blow away.
- The use of cypress mulch should be avoided since it is extracted from unsustainable cypress wetlands and is thus not advised.
- To prevent the loss of nitrogen from young plants during establishment, use mulch that has been aged for at least six months.
Keep in mind that the length of time you apply the mulch will depend on what you want it to do. In the summer, the temperature of a mulched soil will be lower than the temperature of a nearby unmulched soil; in the winter, the mulched soil could not freeze as deeply. It is important to water the garden when it is first planted as well as during lengthy periods of dry weather. In any other case, the water that is provided by the regular rainfall ought should be adequate to keep plant life going. This is an excerpt from the document titled “How to Install a Rain Garden,” which can be found under ANR-2768.
Did you find this information helpful? The Alabama Extension Water Program at Auburn University is run by Laura Bell, who serves as Project Coordinator; Eve Brantley, who serves as Water Resources Specialist and Professor; Caitlin Sweeney, who serves as Assistant Coordinator; and Naomi Pitts, who serves as Assistant Coordinator.
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What zone is Huntsville AL in?
The USDA designates the areas surrounding Huntsville, Alabama as Hardiness Zones 7a and 7b.