Where Does Ginseng Grow In Alabama?
- Jorge Frazier
Can you harvest ginseng in Alabama?
Ginseng collectors in Alabama are required to get a permission to harvest wild ginseng from the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries before they may lawfully gather ginseng in the state. In order to lawfully buy, sell, or export ginseng, parties need to get a dealers permission first. This allows them to do so without breaking any laws.
When can you dig ginseng in Alabama?
In the Madison County district court on August 25, 2016, Wol Kang, 63, from Huntsville, Alabama, was found guilty on two offenses related to the possession of wild American ginseng when it was not the appropriate time of year to do so. Kang was fined a total of $2,605 for obtaining ginseng during a closed season and failing to register as a ginseng trader.
- He was detained in July 2016 and freed on bail until the court date.
- The arrest and conviction are the results of a joint investigation that took place over the course of several months and was carried out by two divisions of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR) – State Lands and Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries (WFF) – with assistance from the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries (ADAI), which is responsible for overseeing the laws that regulate the collection and sale of wild ginseng in the state.
The investigation was carried out with the cooperation of the Alabama Department of Agriculture and “The interagency collaboration is what made the investigation and subsequent arrest on many counts effective,” said Luke Lemley, WFF Senior Conservation Enforcement Officer, who together with fellow senior officer Joe Lindsey carried out the arrest of Kang.
Without the knowledge of ADAI, as well as the collaboration of State Lands employees and WFF law enforcement districts one and two, the arrest would not have been feasible. This unlawful ginseng trade and purchase very well may have been overlooked completely if these agencies hadn’t collaborated with one another.
In order to make this happen, everyone concerned went above and beyond the scope of their typical responsibilities.” The harvesting of wild American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), which is illegal in most of the United States but can be abundant in certain parts of north Alabama, is governed by law due to the intense demand from other countries and the high prices on the Asian ginseng market.
- Wild American ginseng is not found in most of the United States.
- This demand is being fuelled by people’s beliefs that ginseng has medical properties.
- In recent times, one pound of wild American ginseng has sold for between $700.00 and $1200.00.
- To legally gather ginseng in Alabama, “diggers” must get a permission from ADAI.
A person has to register with ADAI as a ginseng dealer before they may buy ginseng in Alabama and take it out of the state with them. If you want to continue collecting or exporting ginseng in a legal manner, you will need to renew the permission and registration every year.
The period beginning on September 1 and ending on December 31 is considered to be the legitimate ginseng harvesting season. Visit the website www.agi.alabama.gov for further details on the gathering of ginseng in Alabama. The Wildlife Conservation Law Foundation (WFF) relies on the concerned public to report infractions of wildlife laws.
Please contact the Operation GameWatch line at 1-800-272-4263 if you have any information on these offenses. Through its four divisions—Marine Resources, State Lands, State Parks, and Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries—the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources encourages responsible stewardship, management, and enjoyment of Alabama’s natural resources.
Where is the best place to find ginseng?
2. Locate the habitat: If you are interested in gathering wild ginseng, the first step you need to take is to locate its natural environment, also known as a location that has a strong chance of supporting its growth. Ginseng is most commonly found in densely forested regions that receive between 70 and 90 percent of their sunlight.
What state has the most wild ginseng?
The province of Ontario in Canada is responsible for the majority of the ginseng grown in North America. About 95% of production in the United States is accounted for by Marathon County, which is located in Wisconsin.
Why is growing ginseng illegal?
The practice of collecting wild ginseng in the United Places is subject to stringent regulations, and in some states it is even against the law. This is due to the fact that the traditional technique of harvesting entails digging up the plant’s roots.
How much is ginseng worth a pound?
Price range for wholesale US ginseng roots in 2022: between US$ 90.59 and US$ 95.55 per kilogram (or between US$ 41.09 and US$ 43.34 per pound) In 2022, the price range for wholesale US ginseng roots is about between these two numbers (lb). The cost is 90.59 euros per kilogram at this time.
How do you identify ginseng in the woods?
Article Downloading Available Article Downloading Available Ginseng has been prized for its medical properties for millennia, and its roots continue to be in great demand. Ginseng comes from the Panax genus of plants. It is common practice to collect American ginseng and ship it to Asia, where the roots of the highest grade may fetch prices of many hundreds of dollars per pound. 1 Hunt during the appropriate time of year. The collection of wild ginseng is controlled by regulations in 19 states (including Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin), and it is either restricted or prohibited in all other states where it is found.
- If you have questions, contact your state natural resource or agricultural agency for further details. Additionally serving as a reference for state laws and regulations, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA).
- It is against the law to collect wild ginseng in Canada, and the plant has been given the status of endangered not just nationally but also in Ontario and Québec. It is against the law in Canada to send wild roots somewhere else.
2 Travel to the area where the ginseng is grown. Ginseng is a plant that is endemic to the hardwood woods of North America. These forests may be found all the way from southern Canada (Ontario and Quebec), all the way west to South Dakota and Oklahoma, and all the way south to Georgia.
- If you are interested in a specific region, you may look it up on the USDA map to see if ginseng has ever been produced there in the past. This will significantly improve the likelihood of you coming across some ginseng.
- It is important to keep in mind that the ideal conditions for ginseng growth are a combination of wet shade.
- Visit wooded areas that have species such as beech, maple, hickory, oak, basswood, and tulip poplar trees, among others. Ginseng is a plant that thrives in the shade provided by these trees.
- If you wait until the latter part of the season to start harvesting, you can have a harder time obtaining ginseng.
- Look for soil that is rich, black, and loamy, and that is covered with a layer of leaf litter.
Advertisement 3 Search for plants that grow well together. The existence of “companion plants” is one sign that may indicate you are in a region that is suitable for the cultivation of ginseng. These plants thrive in environments that are similar to those ginseng prefers, so it’s not uncommon to find them growing alongside ginseng.
- Trillium (Trillium spp.), bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides), black cohosh (Actaea racemosa), jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum), wild yam (Dioscorea villosa), goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) (Polygonatum biflorum).
- It is not recommended to grow poison ivy with other plants.
4 Identify the plant that ginseng comes from. The ginseng plant has a single stem that terminates in a whorl, which can have anywhere from one to four leaves. A whorl can be thought of as the point from which the leaves emerge. Typically, there are three to five leaflets on each leaf (i.e.
- It might be challenging to identify ginseng. However, when you have located the first plant, it will be much simpler to locate the remaining ones.
- As it matures, ginseng undergoes a transformation. If the plant is still juvenile, it will have only one stem and a total of three leaflets on that stem. As the plant grows, each leaf will eventually be composed of anything from three to seven leaflets. A ginseng patch will feature plants that are in a variety of phases of development at any given time.
- Ginseng can be found growing alone or in small clusters depending on the location.
- Before you embark on your ginseng hunting trip, it could be beneficial to study some images of the plant first, or you might go with someone who has more expertise.
5 Only mature plants with red berries should be harvested. If gathering wild ginseng is legal in your state, you should only harvest mature plants that have three or more ‘prongs’ (leaves) and you should only do so when there is a sizeable population (you should leave at least two-thirds of the plants alone so that they can continue to reproduce, in addition to any immature plants). See the following for further information on harvesting techniques that are environmentally friendly: 6 Dig cautiously. When you locate a mature plant with three or four prongs (leaves), as the case may be in Illinois, you should gently pull out the root while being careful not to injure the plant’s neck or prongs. When you dig under the plant using a pitchfork or a needle-nose shovel, make sure to leave a good amount of space (approximately 6 inches/15 cm) between the plant and the point where you pushed the pitchfork or spade into the earth.
- Take care not to disrupt the neighboring plants out of respect for such living things. If the plant is located in close proximity to juvenile ginseng plants, you should operate with extra caution and use a more manageable instrument, such as a sturdy flat-bladed screwdriver that is approximately eight or ten inches (20.3 or 25.4 cm) in length.
- Do not attempt to harvest the plant if there is even the slightest possibility that doing so may damage the roots of nearby immature ginseng plants.
- After you have dug out the root, crush the red fruits in the palm of your hand, and then sow the seeds approximately an inch and a half (2.5 centimeters) below the surface of the soil next to the plant that was harvested. Never take ginseng seeds or young plants out of their natural habitat in the forests.
7 Cleanse and pat the root dry (s). When you come back to the house, rinse the roots off in a pail of lukewarm water for a few minutes to get rid of any extra soil. It is not appropriate to wash them in a sink or use a hose to do so. Do not scrub them or wash them aggressively since the buyer wants some dirt on them and the surface of the root can easily be harmed.
- When drying the roots, make sure they are not touching each other and place them on a wooden rack or screen tray in a room with good ventilation that is between 70 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit (21 and 38 degrees Celsius).
- Never dry your roots in the oven, the microwave, or in direct sunlight, and never do it in the window of your car (i.g. placing the root near the back window of your car).
- Make sure you check on your roots on a regular basis as they are drying out. Make any necessary adjustments to the temperature or airflow if you discover mold or discoloration.
- After the roots have dried fully, they should separate into two pieces with little effort.
- It is likely going to take one to two weeks for your ginseng roots to dry out.
Advertisement 1. Obtain the proper permits or licenses, if any are required. In order to harvest in certain states, you are required to obtain a permission issued by that state. Before beginning any harvesting activities on private land, you are required to obtain permission from the property owner.
When you go out harvesting, you should never forget to have your permission with you. If you are asked to provide your permit, you are obligated to do so since it is a legal requirement. In some National Forests managed by the United States Forest Service, harvest licenses can be obtained for gathering wild ginseng, but in other National Forests, gathering ginseng is strictly prohibited.
If you want to discover whether or not you are authorized to harvest ginseng in your region, you should get in touch with the National Forest Service. The gathering of wild ginseng in any of the United States’ National Parks is against the law.2 Identify mature ginseng plants.
- On the plant’s root neck, a stem scar will develop for every year of growth that the plant has experienced. At least four stem scars should be present on the plants that you harvest.
- To count the number of stem scars, it is not necessary to pull the plant out of the ground. Simply remove the dirt from the region around the part of the plant that contains the root neck.
- If the berries on the plant are still green when you go to pick them, the plant is not yet ready to be harvested.
3 You should try selling and exporting your ginseng. If you want to sell or export your ginseng, you will need to get a license first. If you want to send your ginseng to a location outside of the state, it is required that it be certified by the state or tribe in where the roots were gathered. 4 Promote the sale of ginseng on a worldwide scale. You are need to submit an application for a permit with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in order to export your ginseng. There is a form that is used for single shipments as well as a form that is used for many commercial shipments.
- After your application has been reviewed and accepted, your Master File will be created. After that, you will be required to get licenses for a single use for each and every one of your exports.
- Your request to export wild ginseng will be considered for approval for a period of one year.
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- It may take several years for wild plants to blossom and produce fruit for the first time. The blossoms develop into berries that, as they mature in the fall, change color from green to red.
- Ginseng plants have a lifespan of between 30 and 50 years. Additional leaves or prongs grow, each with 3-5 (usually 5, but occasionally more or fewer) leaflets, and a mature plant may have a stem up to 20 inches (50.8 cm) tall with 3-4 rarely 5 or more prongs. Each of the leaflets on each of the prongs has 3-5 (usually 5, but occasionally more or fewer) of its own.
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- Take appropriate precautions to avoid engaging in poaching. Maintaining your anonymity is your best line of defense from illegal hunters. Be sure that your crop is growing on your own private land, that it is well-hidden, and that it is not likely to be disturbed. Avoid discussing it any farther than is required, and ensure that all parties involved in the transaction are trustworthy. Be extra vigilant when the plants draw closer to reaching their full maturity. In the event that you do find poachers, you should make an effort to discourage them and contact the authorities so they may take them into custody.
- Always observe the rules of your state regulating the harvesting of wild ginseng, as well as the cultivation and sale of wild and wild-simulated ginseng, in order to protect the continued existence of the species and to avoid incurring a monetary or criminal penalty.
- When engaging suspected poachers, exercise extreme caution, and refrain from using force or violence to drive them away.
What is the biggest ginseng root ever found?
Don and Joy Hoogesteger, both of the United States of America, of Ridgefield, Washington, USA, were the cultivators of a ginseng root that, on July 1, 1999, weighed 0.92 kilograms (2 pounds 0.5 ounces).
How do you dig up ginseng?
Ginseng Harvesting – Once you’ve located ginseng plants that are at the right stage of development to be harvested, you may next utilize the methods below to harvest the ginseng. Digging ginseng
- To begin, remove dirt from a circle centered five inches around the plant.
- To dislodge the soil that is around the root, pull the entire root as well as the dirt clod out of the earth.
- Carefully remove any loose dirt, taking special precautions not to sever any of the plant’s roots in the process.
- Plant the mature berries back down in the ground where you dug up the root.
- Make a note of the time and place where you did your collection.
What side of a mountain does ginseng grow on?
Typically, the slopes of the hill that ginseng grows on are those that face either the north or the east and are covered in a mixed hardwood and deciduous forest. Because the Appalachians and Ozarks are filled with rolling hills covered in forest, they provide an ideal environment for the growth of ginseng.
What time of year do you dig ginseng?
The plant known as American Ginseng grows very slowly. It is seen growing beneath the canopies of several of the deciduous forests that are found in the eastern United States. The primary reason for using ginseng root is due to the therapeutic and medicinal characteristics it possesses.
Ginseng may have been over-harvested as a result of its high demand, which has contributed to the plant’s position as an endangered species in certain regions of the world. Ginseng is a non-timber forest product, and its diggers are always advised to comply with all rules, leave small seedlings alone, and plant all mature seeds.
This is because ginseng grows in non-timber forest products. In several parts of the world, this wild plant is really seeing a robust recovery. Ginseng is a perennial plant that is thought to have originated in either the Appalachian area of North America or the eastern region of Asia.
- It contains a cluster of brilliant red berries that are perched atop a slender stem that is climbing upward from a ring of leaves.
- The American kind of ginseng grows best in chilly environments, and it takes around five years from planting the seed to gathering the harvestable roots of the plant.
- In most cases, the harvesting of the “Wild” ginseng plant takes place during a certain season, and this season often takes place throughout the fall months.
In point of fact, it is permissible to gather “wild” ginseng; nevertheless, it is unlawful to unearth ginseng for export from plants that are younger than ten years old. As a result, it is imperative that you are familiar with the federal restrictions that govern the collection of wild American ginseng on the lands.
- In addition, you may accomplish this goal by getting in touch with regional ginseng farmers such as Hsu Ginseng.
- Ginseng collection from the wild The vast majority of people in this region harvest wild American ginseng from the surrounding forests, although there are a few who cultivate it themselves on small plots of land.
Whether you harvest it from woods or cultivate it in plots, there are several things you need to keep in mind in order to ensure that healthy populations are maintained. These are the following: On state lands, you are not allowed to collect wild ginseng in any form.
Always make an effort to pick ginseng from only fully developed plants with at least three leaves that each have five lobes and red berries. You should only go out and collect the wild ginseng during the harvest season, which runs from September 1st to November 30th. Always put the seeds in close proximity to the plant that is being harvested in order to ensure the survival of future ginseng plants.
Before you can begin harvesting, you will need to obtain permission from the owner of the private land. Digging Wild Ginseng There are many ginseng diggers who harvest wild ginseng after the fifth year of germinating from seed; however, as of recently, a new federal CITES regulation has placed a 10-year legal harvest age on ginseng roots that are collected for export.
This regulation applies to ginseng roots that are collected for commercial purposes. In point of fact, harvesting can begin at a younger age in several states; however, this only applies to crops destined for personal use. The fall is the best time to dig up the roots of wild American ginseng. After that, the surface dirt is removed by giving them a thorough washing.
It is very crucial to handle the roots with care if you want to preserve the natural color and circular marks, as well as the branching forks, if you want to keep the plant in its original form. The best place to start digging for wild ginseng is a few inches away from the base of the stem, as recommended by the specialists.
Is ginseng worth money?
2. Ginseng is being sold on eBay by one seller for the price of $10,859 – There is a significant demand for American ginseng on the global market because of its widespread appeal in China. Although produced ginseng may be purchased for around $50 per pound, the costs for wild, more mature roots are nearly incomprehensible.
In 2018, one pound of dried wild ginseng might fetch as much as $800 on the market. In the same year, the price of one ounce of ginseng powder was equivalent to $150. Someone is trying to sell a uniquely human-shaped root on eBay for the staggering price of $3,800. One seller has listed their item. Another seller is asking $10,859 for a quantity of less than three ounces.
A fresh kind of ginseng root may be purchased at the Asian supermarket chain Hmart. Image courtesy of Betty Belanus
How much is home grown ginseng worth?
Harvesting – At this point in the industry, you are able to cultivate ginseng for two different lucrative crops. One of the crops is the roots, which may sell for anywhere from $30 to $60 per pound, depending on whether they are smooth and come from intensively farmed plots or gnarly and come from growing amid trees after four to seven years.
- However, this method is known as a “lethal harvest” since the plant must be killed in order for you to gain any financial benefit (so an earnest “thank you” is in order at the end of each harvest day).
- After the tips of the plant have died back, in the late summer or early fall, you should dig up the roots.
The seeds have value as well due to the fact that you are not the only one who is considering competing in this market. If seeds have been stratified by being exposed to cold for a season with the purpose of allowing them to germinate the following spring, they can sell for around $65 per pound.
- To create one pound of seeds, you need to collect only 8,000 of them.
- The third year of the plant’s life is when it produces flowers.
- The plant begins to emerge in May and begins to blossom in July; by September, the berries are ready to be harvested.
- It may take several years before the root is mature enough to be dug out and sold once it has been harvested for its seeds.
In this way, you will be able to start producing money to pay your overhead costs before the roots are dug out and the process is restarted.