Birmingham, Alabama : Putting People First.
Why is it called Birmingham Alabama?
Birmingham Located in the north-central part of Alabama, Birmingham is the state’s most populous city and the seat of Jefferson County, The youngest of the state’s major cities, Birmingham was founded in 1871 at the crossing of two rail lines near one of the world’s richest deposits of minerals,
- The city was named for Birmingham, England, the center of that country’s iron industry.
- The new Alabama city boomed so quickly that it came to be known as the “Magic City.” It later became known as the “Pittsburgh of the South” after the Pennsylvania center of iron and steel production.
- Birmingham has survived booms and busts, labor unrest, and civil rights tragedies and triumphs; today it is home to one of the nation’s largest banking centers as well as world-class medical facilities.
Birmingham has a mayor-council form of government, with its mayor and nine council members being elected every four years. Early History Henley, Robert H. Birmingham is located in Jones Valley, one of the southernmost valleys of the Appalachian mountain chain. Veterans of Gen. Andrew Jackson’s army that defeated the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend were the first settlers to reach the area in 1815. James Powell Recognizing the area’s potential, a group of investors and promoters of the North and South Railroad (which later became the Louisville and Nashville Railroad) met with banker Josiah Morris in Montgomery on December 18, 1870, and organized the Elyton Land Company for the purpose of building a new city in Jefferson County.
The company met again in January 1871, and chose as its president James R. Powell, who had recently returned from Birmingham, England’s iron and steel center, and suggested that the new Alabama industrial center be given the same name. A flamboyant and colorful promoter for the proposed city, Powell became known as the “Duke of Birmingham.” He advertised across the state and nation announcing lots for sale in the new city on June 1, 1871, and six months after the lots sold, the city was chartered by the state legislature on December 19, 1871.
Gov. Robert Lindsay appointed Robert Henley to a two-year term as Birmingham’s first mayor. In 1873, Powell was elected mayor and quickly had the legislature call for a vote to allow Jefferson County residents to choose between Elyton and Birmingham as the county seat.
- In a bitter contest, Powell courted newly enfranchised black residents, who voted overwhelmingly for Birmingham.
- Soon after Birmingham became the county seat, its very existence was threatened by two events.
- In July, a cholera epidemic hit many southern cities, and Birmingham suffered greatly because it had little clean water and few adequate sewage facilities.
Thousands fled the city. Just as cooler fall weather began to bring an end to the epidemic, the economic Panic of 1873 chilled Birmingham’s real estate boom. As no significant industries had yet been established to create a sufficient number of jobs, people were again forced to leave. Bessie Mine Laborers In 1878, Truman H. Aldrich, James W. Sloss, and Henry F. DeBardeleben, owners of the Pratt Coal and Coke Company, provided a major stimulus for Birmingham’s recovery from the 1873 recession and for its future economic growth by opening the nearby Pratt mines.
Henry Debardeleben then joined with Thomas T. Hillman to construct the Alice Furnaces, facilitating the large-scale production of pig iron. In June 1881, Sloss began constructing the area’s second set of blast furnaces, known then as the City Furnaces, in eastern Birmingham. The Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company ( TCI ) opened facilities in Birmingham soon after and purchased many of the properties held by DeBardeleben and Aldrich.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad aided these flourishing enterprises by investing money and providing special freight rates. As a result of these events, Birmingham’s production of pig iron increased more than tenfold between 1880 and 1890. Birmingham had become the region’s leading industrial city, evolving from a rough and tumble “boom town” of muddy streets, saloons, fistfights, and shootouts to a civilized city with paved streets, gaslights, telephone service, and a public school system. Birmingham Coal Miners, 1937 The two most important economic developments in Birmingham between 1900 and the Great Depression were the purchase of TCI by U.S. Steel in 1907, which brought financial resources to the city, and the completion of the lock-and-dam system on the Tombigbee and Warrior Rivers in 1915, which provided Birmingham manufacturers with cheap water transportation for their goods all the way to Mobile,
- Birmingham quickly became the transportation hub of the mid-South.
- Just as the city’s economy was beginning to take off again, the stock market crashed in October 1929, throwing thousands of residents out of work and prompting the Hoover administration to call Birmingham “the hardest hit city in the nation.” U.S.
Steel shut down its Birmingham mills and the city remained depressed for eight years. Birmingham recovered from the Depression with the outbreak of World War II as the city’s steel mills became an important part of the nation’s arsenal. After the war, Birmingham diversified its economy with 140 new industries that manufactured farm equipment, chemicals, byproducts used for road building, nails, wire, cement, cottonseed oil, and many other goods.
- With these new industries, along with Hayes International Aircraft and the launch of a modern medical complex, Birmingham in the 1950s had the potential to soar into the 1960s.
- Instead, city officials and residents were faced with a civil rights struggle of epic proportions that left the city’s national reputation in shambles and greatly hampered its ability to attract investors.
Civil Rights Movement Sixteenth Street Church Bombing African Americans began moving into Birmingham to escape the white-owned farms where they had once toiled as slaves and later as sharecroppers, By 1880 African Americans comprised more than half of Birmingham’s industrial workers.
Working and living conditions were bad enough, but black citizens’ lives were made more miserable by Birmingham’s deeply entrenched system of segregation, Nicknamed “Bombingham” for the many racially motivated bombings of black homes, the city became a focal point for the national civil rights struggle after the brutal treatment of the Freedom Riders in 1961.
Later, Fred Shuttlesworth and other leaders of the Birmingham movement invited Martin Luther King Jr. to participate in a protest of segregated downtown businesses in 1963 that came to be known as the “Birmingham Campaign.” King was arrested during these demonstrations and wrote his famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail” as a response to an opinion piece by white ministers to end the protests. Shuttlesworth, Fred Lee The city was then publicly shamed in the media by Police Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Connor ‘s use of fire hoses and police dogs to drive back thousands of youthful demonstrators in early May 1963. Following several weeks of demonstrations, civil rights and business leaders reached an agreement that ended some of the segregationist barriers.
This spirit of good will was soon shattered by the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, which claimed the lives of four young girls. That horrific event, more than anything else, prompted the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed racial segregation in public accommodations in America.
Also, with the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans were increasingly able to participate in the city’s civic and governmental affairs, culminating in the 1979 election of Richard Arrington Jr. as the city’s first black mayor. Modern Birmingham UAB’s Heritage Hall Birmingham today is a modern city of the New South boasting one of the finest medical and research centers in the country at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). In addition to the continued presence of several of the nation’s largest steelmakers, including U.S.
Steel, McWane, and Nucor, Birmingham is now a center of bioscience and technology development and the home to some of the nation’s top construction and engineering firms. The Birmingham metropolitan area is Alabama’s largest commercial center and has become one of the nation’s largest banking centers.
Beginning in the mid-1970s, commercial construction in the downtown area gave the city an impressive modern skyline. Between 2006 and 2009, Larry Langford, who was then mayor of Birmingham, and six former members of the Jefferson County Commission were convicted of a variety of corruption charges, including bribery, conspiracy, mail fraud, and money-laundering.
On January 17, 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal of Langford’s conviction. Demographics According to 2020 Census estimates, Birmingham recorded a population of 210,928,. The greater metropolitan area—which includes numerous surrounding suburb cities such as Hoover, Vestavia Hills, Bessemer, Alabaster, Homewood, Mountain Brook, Hueytown, Center Point, Pelham, Trussville, Gardendale, Fairfield, Forestdale, Leeds, Pleasant Grove, Irondale, Tarrant, and Fultondale —had a population of approximately 1,350,646.
Of that total, 68.3 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 26.6 percent white, 4.1 percent Hispanic, 2.0 percent as two or more races, 1.2 percent Asian, and 0.2 percent American Indian. The city’s median household income was $38,832, and the per capita income was $25,725. Alabama Power Building Detail UAB, which boasts one of the finest medical and research centers in the nation, is by far the city’s largest employer, with 18,750 employees. Other leading employers include AT&T, Regions Bank, Birmingham Board of Education, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County Board of Education, Children’s Health System, Wells Fargo (formerly Wachovia), Alabama Power Company, and Blue Cross-Blue Shield of Alabama.
Educational services, and health care and social assistance (27.1 percent) Retail trade (12.6 percent) Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (10.6 percent) Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (10.0 percent) Manufacturing (8.3 percent) Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (6.9 percent) Transportation and warehousing and utilities (5.6 percent) Other services, except public administration (5.0 percent) Construction (4.9 percent) Public administration (3.8 percent) Information (2.5 percent) Wholesale trade (2.4 percent) Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.2 percent)
BBVA Compass Bank Birmingham remains home to several of the nation’s largest steelmakers, including U.S. Steel, McWane, and Nucor and is also host to bioscience and technology development and some of the nation’s top construction and engineering firms.
- Birmingham is also headquarters for the engineering and technical services divisions of several power companies, including Alabama Power Company, ENERGEN Corporation, and SONAT.
- The Birmingham metropolitan area is Alabama’s largest commercial center and is currently one of the nation’s largest banking centers, serving as headquarters for Regions Financial Corporation,
The overall banking structure in the city recently has been altered. Compass Bancshares, which still has headquarters in Birmingham, is now part of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria ( BBVA ), a worldwide financial services group based in Bilbao, Spain. Wachovia, which had a regional office in Birmingham, is now part of Wells Fargo as a result of financial trouble during the banking crisis of 2008. Ruffner Mountain Park The Birmingham City School System oversees a large number of public schools throughout the city. In addition to UAB, the city has two other major institutions of higher learning, Samford University and Birmingham-Southern College,
- Historically black Miles College and Miles Law School, Birmingham School of Law, Jefferson State Community College, and Lawson State Community College provide other educational opportunities in the Birmingham area.
- Southeastern Baptist College, a nondenominational four-year institution, also is located in Birmingham.
Transportation Birmingham is crossed by an extensive network of highways and roadways: Interstates 65, 20, 59, and 459; and U.S. Highways 31, 280, 11, and 78. Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport is the state’s largest and busiest airport, with seven major airlines offering daily flights to many major cities in the United States. McWane Science Center Birmingham’s hallmark attraction is the towering statue of Vulcan that overlooks the city from the top of Red Mountain. Italian sculptor Guiseppe Moretti constructed Vulcan, the Roman god of fire and metalworking, in 1904 to serve as a fitting symbol of the industrial city for the St.
Louis World’s Fair. In 2004, after a four-year renovation, Vulcan Park reopened to the public and welcomed more than 100,000 visitors its first year. The downtown Civil Rights District also draws many tourists to the Civil Rights Institute, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, and Kelly Ingram Park. Other nearby attractions include the McWane Science Center, Arlington Antebellum Home and Gardens, the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, the Southern Museum of Flight, the Alabama Theatre, the Sloss Furnaces Historic Landmark, the Birmingham Zoo, Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum, and the Birmingham Botanical Gardens,
Other outdoor recreation areas include Oak Mountain State Park, Railroad Park, and Red Mountain Park. The corner of 20th Street and 1st Avenue North in the city is popularly known as “The Heaviest Corner on Earth” after a 1911 magazine article on the construction of the last of four large buildings at the site. Rickwood Field Boasting the third-longest golf course in the world, the Renaissance Birmingham Ross Bridge Golf Resort & Spa, located just a few miles southwest of downtown Birmingham, features an 8,194-yard Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail course, which hosts the Regions Charity Classic, a stop on the PGA Seniors golf tour.
Birmingham is also home to the Birmingham Barons, a minor league affiliate of the Chicago White Sox. Rickwood Field, home of the Barons from 1910-1987, is the nation’s oldest baseball park. Legion Field, built in 1926, has been the host to memorable sporting events over the years, including many of the annual Iron Bowl contests between the University of Alabama and Auburn University as well as games by the University of Alabama at Birmingham; the Southeastern Conference and Southwestern Athletic Conference Championship Football Games; bowl games, pro football games, and soccer matches during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
See Gallery Additional Resources Armes, Ethel. The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama,1910. Reprint, Leeds, Ala.: Beechwood Books, 1987. Atkins, Leah Rawls. The Valley and the Hills: An Illustrated History of Birmingham & Jefferson County.1981. Reprint, Tarzana, Calif.: Preferred Marketing and the Birmingham Public Library, 1996.
How do you say Birmingham Alabama?
The Birmingham, Alabama skyline (Photo by Jon Eastwood for Bham Now) Birmingham, Alabama was named after Birmingham, England (the UK’s second largest city). It may not be that surprising given our British namesake was a major industrial center which city founders wanted to achieve here with iron and steel production.
- The cities are unique – but have there been cases of mistaken identity due to sharing a name? Let’s find out.
- Both Birmingham’s are similar in size and have an industrial past.
- While our city is nicknamed ‘Magic City’ due to the rapid speed it was founded and developed, Birmingham, England (established in the 6th century) is often called ‘Brum’ and locals are called Brummies.
Although spelled the same, it’s pronounced ‘Birming-HAM’ here in Alabama, while across the pond they pronounce it as ‘Birming-AM’. As a Brit in the US, I quickly had to learn how to pronounce Birmingham all over again following some confused looks! Birmingham, UK (Photo by Gavin Warrens) I’ve been to the UK city a few times. Both have some similarities in terms of featuring a mix of modern building designs alongside beautiful historic architecture, and experiencing a recent resurgence from their industrial past.
- Further similarities are emerging, with Birmingham, England being home to two professional soccer clubs ( Birmingham City FC and Aston Villa FC ) and being the hub of Cricket in England.
- Both sports have developed great followings here in Alabama.
- Wouldn’t it be great if Birmingham could play an exhibition game against Birmingham in the future? Confused? Well, some people have genuinely been caught out by the same name.
Here are some examples.
What is another name for Birmingham Alabama?
Birmingham, Alabama- The Magic City – Robbie Caponetto During the height of the country’s manufacturing boom, Birmingham became the South’s hub for steel production, which spurred rapid population growth. The city was dubbed The Magic City because of the quick rise in population and opportunity in the city.
Why is Birmingham called the Black Country?
|Black Country Living Museum Black Country Tourism The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.|
|How to pronounce the term “Black Country” – The correct way is to link the two words together. For example Blackcountry rather than Black Country.|
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|The Black Country was famous for Thick Coal|
The region was described as ‘Black by day and red by night’ by Elihu Burritt, the American Consul to Birmingham in 1862. Other authors, from Charles Dickens to William Shenstone refer to the intensity of manufacturing in the Black Country and its effect on the landscape and its people.
- Today the Black Country is described as most of the four Metropolitan District Council areas of Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall and Wolverhampton and the term is used as a marketing tool to sell and promote the West Midlands region to the north of Birmingham.
- Despite this industrial past the Black Country has a long association with the arts and literature.
The poet William Shenstone lived in Halesowen as did the writer Francis Brett Young who consistently celebrated the industrial Black Country and city of Birmingham in his novels. Sir Henry Newbolt (1862-1938), the poet, was the son of the vicar of St.
|The Black Country is renowned for its production of iron and steel goods|
The region also has its celebrated links with historical events such as the restoration of Charles II to the throne and also the Gunpowder plot. On the evening of November 7,1605, a group of the fleeing plotters arrived at Holbeche House near Dudley. Holbeche was owned by the Littleton family who had been involved in many of the Catholic uprisings, and it was to be the last stand of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators. That evening, several of the plotters were injured by an accidental explosion which occurred while they were drying powder in front of an open fire. Between this evening and morning of the following day, several members of the group fled, while others still tried valiantly to rally support from the surrounding area. Just before midday on the 8th of November, the Sheriff of Worcester arrived with a posse of men and surrounded the house. After several attempts to have the conspirators surrender, a skirmish developed. Several were fatally wounded and the remaining known conspirators were apprehended.
Which language is spoken Birmingham?
|Native to||United Kingdom|
|Language family||Indo-European Germanic West Germanic North Sea Germanic Anglo-Frisian Anglic English British English West Midlands English Birmingham dialect|
What do they speak in Alabama?
1. Spanish – As is true in many US states, the most common language besides English in Alabama is Spanish. However, the actual number of speakers is surprisingly low when compared to the total population. Overall, the estimated 152,727 speakers have a population share of a bit more than 3.32 percent.
What is slang for Birmingham?
What is a person from Birmingham called? – Since Birmingham has been known as Brummagem to the locals for several centuries, it gave rise to the terms Brum (short for Brummagem), and Brummie which is the collective name of the city’s inhabitants, their accent and dialect.
What part of Birmingham is peaky blinders set?
Peaky Blinders Peaky Blinders, now a hit television programme, may be a fictional story of the Birmingham underworld but it is based on the very real existence of a gang by the same name based in the Midlands in the late nineteenth century. ‘Peaky Blinders’ as they were known, has become an infamous name although the exact origins of it remain a mystery.
- Some believe it to have originated from the barbaric practice of stitching razor blades into the peak of their caps, although this might be a more fantastical theory as others suggest the luxury item of a disposable razor blade would not have been commonplace at the time.
- Another theory is that Peaky Blinders derives from the use of the cap to disguise their faces from the victims so they could not be identified.
The infamy of the group and its distinctive name may simply have come from local slang at the time using ‘blinder’ as a description for someone looking particularly striking in appearance. Wherever the name came from, it stuck and would become a namesake for gangs long after the Peaky Blinders demise. Stephen McHickie, Peaky Blinder. The origins of this gang and others similar to it, came from the poor living conditions and economic hardships which dominated industrial England during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Poverty was a principal cause for the formation of gangs which began with young boys who took up pickpocketing as a way of earning money. In the large and burgeoning industrial city of Birmingham, pickpocketing became commonplace in the streets where a violent youth culture was beginning to emerge. Economic deprivation had led to criminal activity but these young criminals quickly used extremely violent methods which included assaulting their victims and in some cases stabbing or strangling.
- The disenfranchised men in the slums of Birmingham were forming a separate culture all of their own: it was violent, criminal and organised.
- Peaky Blinders emerged from the area of Small Heath in Birmingham, with the first reported activities detailed in a newspaper in March 1890 which described the brutal assault on a man by a gang known as “Peaky Blinders”.
The group were already gaining infamy for their violence and brutality in the criminal world and were keen to have their activities recorded in the national newspapers. In the late 1800’s these gangs were made up of a variety of ages, varying from as young as twelve, up to the age of thirty. Thomas Gilbert, wearing the outfit of the Peaky Blinders. As the youth gang culture began to take over the streets of Birmingham, entire areas fell under the control of the groups with “land grabs” a common source of rivalry between gangs. Mooney was a major instigator of these activities and soon the Peaky Blinders became a singular entity, operating in favourable areas and communities in Birmingham.
The Cheapside and Small Heath region was a main target and involved competition from fellow gangsters known as “Cheapside Sloggers” who were keen to get their hands on the area. This particular group had already gained notoriety for their street fighting activities in some of the poorest districts. As main rivals, “post code battles” became common, a way to discern power and control in certain locations whilst asserting territorial boundaries dictated and understood by the criminal underbelly of the city.
One of the main factors that precipitated their rise in power was that so many leading figures, for example in business, the law and elsewhere were in their pay, thus allowing a growing contempt for criminality that they knew was unlikely to face punishment.
- In 1899, there had been attempts to control their activity by installing an Irish police constable in Birmingham in order to gain greater levels of law enforcement in the area.
- This attempt however was short-lived and ill-advised considering the larger culture of corruption within the police force itself.
The Peaky Blinders, knowing that bribery would buy silence, continued their activities relatively unhindered whilst police effectiveness became greatly diminished. Violence and bribery allowed Peaky Blinders enormous levels of control in the area. Economically, politically and socially, the Peaky Blinders called the shots and dictated the decisions. Charles Lambourne As a group, the Peaky Blinders entered the sphere of popular culture not only through their criminal dealings but also through their notable dress sense and style. The members of the group adopted a signature style which included a peaked flat cap (largely believed to be the origins of their name), leather boots, waistcoats, tailored jackets and silk scarves.
The criminal gang had acquired a uniform as well as a hierarchy. This distinctive style was effective in many respects. Firstly, it garnered a great deal of attention and set them apart from other gangsters. Secondly, the clothes demonstrated power, wealth and luxury, unaffordable for others around them.
This extended to family members of the gang including wives and girlfriends who were able to afford expensive garments compared to their counterparts. Finally, the lavish was a demonstration of defiance against the police, who could easily identify them but remained relatively powerless at the same time.
The gang were able to control Birmingham and exercise their will for almost twenty years, in one of the largest criminal enterprises of the nineteenth century. As part of their expansion, they extended their criminal portfolio to include smuggling, robbery, bribery, forming protection rackets, fraud and also hijacking.
Whilst partaking in a range of activities, their specialty remained in street based local crime such as robbery and assaults. Harry Fowles Some of the individuals most well-known included Harry Fowles, otherwise referred to as “Baby-faced Harry”, who was under arrest for stealing in October 1904. Fellow members also caught around the same time included Stephen McNickle and Earnest Haynes, although their punishment only lasted for one month and then they were back out on the street.
The Midlands police records show a number of arrests for activity ranging from mugging, theft and in in the case of David Taylor, carrying a firearm at the age of thirteen. Law enforcement found it difficult to keep control of the expanding activities and different members of the group. The group reached the peak of their activities in the early twentieth century after dominating the criminal scene in Birmingham for several years.
They soon garnered some unwanted attention from “the Birmingham Boys”. The Peaky Blinders’ expansion of territory, especially into, led to an escalation of violence that was met with fury from rival gangsters. Subsequently the members’ families moved away from central Birmingham and its streets, choosing instead to live in the countryside, favourably distant from the main source of violence.
In time, the Peaky Blinders were usurped by another gang with strong affiliations affirming their political and cultural control in the Midlands. The Birmingham Boys led by Billy Kimber would take their place and dominate the criminal scene until they too were defeated by another rivalry, the Sabini gang who took control in the 1930’s.
The notoriety and style of the gang earned them great levels of attention; their ability to exercise control, flout the law and exhibit their winnings remains a cultural and historical phenomenon still garnering attention today. Whilst the power of the Peaky Blinders faded with time, their namesake lived on in popular culture. : Peaky Blinders
What do locals call Birmingham?
Why is Birmingham called Brum, and Why are People From Birmingham called Brummies? One of the questions that Brummies are always asked is why Birmingham is shortened to Brum. It is just one of their old age questions that are up there with why are Brummies so proud of their canals.
- But, we thought that we would answer the questions about the shorthand sayings that have become common knowledge the world over following the,
- Birmingham was originally called Brummagem when it was first found around 600 AD.
- While the name of the city has changed slightly over time, the original name since gets mentioned throughout history; including at the Commonwealth Games opening ceremony.
Brummagem’s legacy remains to this day, as it is just shortened to ‘Brum’ as slang for the Second City. As a result, the natives of the city are called Brummies, and the accent is known as Brum. One of the most common nicknames for Birmingham is Brum, which is simply just a shortened version of the name of the city.
- It is also a fun play on words based on the noises that cars make.
- The success of this nickname hit new heights with the 90s children’s show called ‘Brum’.
- The show saw a car come to life and explore the streets of the city and was watched by almost every child throughout the 90s, helping the city become more popular with the emerging generation.
The term ‘Brummies’ follows on from the shorthanded term of Brum, as it is just a word that is associated with people that live in the city. However, it is not to be confused with people from outside of the city, as locals from around the boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, as well as Walsall, will be slightly annoyed if they are called Brummies, as they are proud members of the Black Country.
Is Birmingham in USA or UK?
West Midlands, metropolitan county of central England. It consists of seven metropolitan boroughs: the city of Birmingham (England’s second largest city), the city of Coventry, and the boroughs of Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, and Wolverhampton.
Is it cheap to live in Alabama?
The cost of living in Alabama is 12% lower than the national average. Housing is 37% lower than the national average, while utilities are 8% higher. When it comes to basic necessities such as food and clothing, groceries are around 4% lower than in the rest of the country, while clothing costs 4% lower.
What is Birmingham best known for?
8. Music – Birmingham is said to be the home of heavy metal with the likes of Black Sabbath (led by Ozzy Osbourne), Judas Priest and lead singer of Led Zeppelin originating from the city. The Streets, UB40, Wizzard, Laura Mvula and Duran Duran also originate from Birmingham. We host over 50 festivals across the city each year, such as Moseley Folk Festival and MADE festival,