The city of Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama and is situated in both Shelby and Jefferson Counties. Birmingham’s population estimate is 209,880, and the Birmingham-Hoover MSA population is 1,151,801.
What region is Birmingham AL in?
|City of Birmingham|
|Right to left, from Top: Downtown, Vulcan statue, 16th Street Baptist Church, City Hall, Alabama Theatre, and the Birmingham Museum of Art|
|Flag Seal Logo|
|Nickname(s): “The Magic City”, “Pittsburgh of the South”|
|Location in Jefferson County, Alabama|
|Birmingham Location in the United States|
|Coordinates: 33°31′03″N 86°48′34″W / 33.51750°N 86.80944°W|
|Incorporated||December 19, 1871|
|Named for||Birmingham, United Kingdom|
|• Type||Mayor – Council|
|• Mayor||Randall Woodfin ( D )|
|• City||149.54 sq mi (387.31 km 2 )|
|• Land||147.02 sq mi (380.77 km 2 )|
|• Water||2.52 sq mi (6.53 km 2 )|
|Elevation||597 ft (182 m)|
|Population ( 2020 )|
|• Estimate (2021)||197,575|
|• Rank||124th in the United States 2nd in Alabama|
|• Density||1,365.37/sq mi (527.17/km 2 )|
|• Urban||774,956 ( US: 58th )|
|• Urban density||1,521.7/sq mi (587.5/km 2 )|
|• Metro||1,115,289 ( 50th )|
|Time zone||UTC−6 ( CST )|
|• Summer ( DST )||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|ZIP Codes||35201-35224, 35226, 35228-35229, 35231-35238, 35242-35244, 35246, 35249, 35253-35255, 35259-35261, 35266, 35270, 35282-35283, 35285, 35287-35288, 35290-35298|
|Area code(s)||205, 659|
|Interstates||I-20, I-22, I-59, I-65, and I-459|
|Airports||Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport|
|GNIS feature ID||2403868|
Birmingham ( BUR -ming-ham ) is a city in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama, Birmingham is the seat of Jefferson County, Alabama’s most populous county. As of the 2021 census estimates, Birmingham had a population of 197,575, down 1% from the 2020 Census, making it Alabama’s third-most populous city after Huntsville and Montgomery,
The broader Birmingham metropolitan area had a 2020 population of 1,115,289, and is the largest metropolitan area in Alabama as well as the 50th-most populous in the United States. Birmingham serves as an important regional hub and is associated with the Deep South, Piedmont, and Appalachian regions of the nation.
Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post- Civil War Reconstruction period, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, notably, Elyton, It grew from there, annexing many more of its smaller neighbors, into an industrial and railroad transportation center with a focus on mining, the iron and steel industry, and railroading,
- Birmingham was named after Birmingham, England, one of the UK ‘s major industrial cities.
- Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry,
- The city may have been planned as a place where cheap, non-unionized, and often African-American labor from rural Alabama could be employed in the city’s steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast,
From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the South, The pace of Birmingham’s growth during the period from 1881 through 1920 earned its nicknames The Magic City and The Pittsburgh of the South, Much like Pittsburgh, Birmingham’s major industries were iron and steel production, plus a major component of the railroading industry, where rails and railroad cars were both manufactured in Birmingham.
- In the field of railroading, the two primary hubs of railroading in the Deep South were nearby Atlanta and Birmingham, beginning in the 1860s and continuing through to the present day.
- The economy diversified during the later half of the twentieth century.
- Though the manufacturing industry maintains a strong presence in Birmingham, other businesses and industries such as banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have risen in stature.
Mining in the Birmingham area is no longer a major industry with the exception of coal mining. Birmingham ranks as one of the most important business centers in the Southeastern United States and is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States.
In addition, the Birmingham area serves as headquarters to one Fortune 500 company: Regions Financial, along with five other Fortune 1000 companies. In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine (formerly the Medical College of Alabama) and the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry since 1947.
In 1969 the University of Alabama at Birmingham was established, one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System, Birmingham is also home to three private institutions: Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College, and Miles College,
Which state is Birmingham located?
Birmingham, largest city in Alabama, U.S., located in the north-central part of the state.
Does Birmingham have a capital?
Myth. Unfortunately, Birmingham has never been the capital of England. There was a recent spate of online searches for this, but only Winchester and Colchester have ever been regarded as UK capitals, according to history.
Why is city called Birmingham?
Birmingham Located in the north-central part of Alabama, Birmingham is the state’s most populous city and the seat of Jefferson County, The youngest of the state’s major cities, Birmingham was founded in 1871 at the crossing of two rail lines near one of the world’s richest deposits of minerals,
The city was named for Birmingham, England, the center of that country’s iron industry. The new Alabama city boomed so quickly that it came to be known as the “Magic City.” It later became known as the “Pittsburgh of the South” after the Pennsylvania center of iron and steel production. Birmingham has survived booms and busts, labor unrest, and civil rights tragedies and triumphs; today it is home to one of the nation’s largest banking centers as well as world-class medical facilities.
Birmingham has a mayor-council form of government, with its mayor and nine council members being elected every four years. Early History Henley, Robert H. Birmingham is located in Jones Valley, one of the southernmost valleys of the Appalachian mountain chain. Veterans of Gen. Andrew Jackson’s army that defeated the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend were the first settlers to reach the area in 1815. James Powell Recognizing the area’s potential, a group of investors and promoters of the North and South Railroad (which later became the Louisville and Nashville Railroad) met with banker Josiah Morris in Montgomery on December 18, 1870, and organized the Elyton Land Company for the purpose of building a new city in Jefferson County.
The company met again in January 1871, and chose as its president James R. Powell, who had recently returned from Birmingham, England’s iron and steel center, and suggested that the new Alabama industrial center be given the same name. A flamboyant and colorful promoter for the proposed city, Powell became known as the “Duke of Birmingham.” He advertised across the state and nation announcing lots for sale in the new city on June 1, 1871, and six months after the lots sold, the city was chartered by the state legislature on December 19, 1871.
Gov. Robert Lindsay appointed Robert Henley to a two-year term as Birmingham’s first mayor. In 1873, Powell was elected mayor and quickly had the legislature call for a vote to allow Jefferson County residents to choose between Elyton and Birmingham as the county seat.
In a bitter contest, Powell courted newly enfranchised black residents, who voted overwhelmingly for Birmingham. Soon after Birmingham became the county seat, its very existence was threatened by two events. In July, a cholera epidemic hit many southern cities, and Birmingham suffered greatly because it had little clean water and few adequate sewage facilities.
Thousands fled the city. Just as cooler fall weather began to bring an end to the epidemic, the economic Panic of 1873 chilled Birmingham’s real estate boom. As no significant industries had yet been established to create a sufficient number of jobs, people were again forced to leave. Bessie Mine Laborers In 1878, Truman H. Aldrich, James W. Sloss, and Henry F. DeBardeleben, owners of the Pratt Coal and Coke Company, provided a major stimulus for Birmingham’s recovery from the 1873 recession and for its future economic growth by opening the nearby Pratt mines.
Henry Debardeleben then joined with Thomas T. Hillman to construct the Alice Furnaces, facilitating the large-scale production of pig iron. In June 1881, Sloss began constructing the area’s second set of blast furnaces, known then as the City Furnaces, in eastern Birmingham. The Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company ( TCI ) opened facilities in Birmingham soon after and purchased many of the properties held by DeBardeleben and Aldrich.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad aided these flourishing enterprises by investing money and providing special freight rates. As a result of these events, Birmingham’s production of pig iron increased more than tenfold between 1880 and 1890. Birmingham had become the region’s leading industrial city, evolving from a rough and tumble “boom town” of muddy streets, saloons, fistfights, and shootouts to a civilized city with paved streets, gaslights, telephone service, and a public school system. Birmingham Coal Miners, 1937 The two most important economic developments in Birmingham between 1900 and the Great Depression were the purchase of TCI by U.S. Steel in 1907, which brought financial resources to the city, and the completion of the lock-and-dam system on the Tombigbee and Warrior Rivers in 1915, which provided Birmingham manufacturers with cheap water transportation for their goods all the way to Mobile,
Birmingham quickly became the transportation hub of the mid-South. Just as the city’s economy was beginning to take off again, the stock market crashed in October 1929, throwing thousands of residents out of work and prompting the Hoover administration to call Birmingham “the hardest hit city in the nation.” U.S.
Steel shut down its Birmingham mills and the city remained depressed for eight years. Birmingham recovered from the Depression with the outbreak of World War II as the city’s steel mills became an important part of the nation’s arsenal. After the war, Birmingham diversified its economy with 140 new industries that manufactured farm equipment, chemicals, byproducts used for road building, nails, wire, cement, cottonseed oil, and many other goods.
With these new industries, along with Hayes International Aircraft and the launch of a modern medical complex, Birmingham in the 1950s had the potential to soar into the 1960s. Instead, city officials and residents were faced with a civil rights struggle of epic proportions that left the city’s national reputation in shambles and greatly hampered its ability to attract investors.
Civil Rights Movement Sixteenth Street Church Bombing African Americans began moving into Birmingham to escape the white-owned farms where they had once toiled as slaves and later as sharecroppers, By 1880 African Americans comprised more than half of Birmingham’s industrial workers.
Working and living conditions were bad enough, but black citizens’ lives were made more miserable by Birmingham’s deeply entrenched system of segregation, Nicknamed “Bombingham” for the many racially motivated bombings of black homes, the city became a focal point for the national civil rights struggle after the brutal treatment of the Freedom Riders in 1961.
Later, Fred Shuttlesworth and other leaders of the Birmingham movement invited Martin Luther King Jr. to participate in a protest of segregated downtown businesses in 1963 that came to be known as the “Birmingham Campaign.” King was arrested during these demonstrations and wrote his famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail” as a response to an opinion piece by white ministers to end the protests. Shuttlesworth, Fred Lee The city was then publicly shamed in the media by Police Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Connor ‘s use of fire hoses and police dogs to drive back thousands of youthful demonstrators in early May 1963. Following several weeks of demonstrations, civil rights and business leaders reached an agreement that ended some of the segregationist barriers.
This spirit of good will was soon shattered by the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, which claimed the lives of four young girls. That horrific event, more than anything else, prompted the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed racial segregation in public accommodations in America.
Also, with the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans were increasingly able to participate in the city’s civic and governmental affairs, culminating in the 1979 election of Richard Arrington Jr. as the city’s first black mayor. Modern Birmingham UAB’s Heritage Hall Birmingham today is a modern city of the New South boasting one of the finest medical and research centers in the country at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB). In addition to the continued presence of several of the nation’s largest steelmakers, including U.S.
Steel, McWane, and Nucor, Birmingham is now a center of bioscience and technology development and the home to some of the nation’s top construction and engineering firms. The Birmingham metropolitan area is Alabama’s largest commercial center and has become one of the nation’s largest banking centers.
Beginning in the mid-1970s, commercial construction in the downtown area gave the city an impressive modern skyline. Between 2006 and 2009, Larry Langford, who was then mayor of Birmingham, and six former members of the Jefferson County Commission were convicted of a variety of corruption charges, including bribery, conspiracy, mail fraud, and money-laundering.
On January 17, 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal of Langford’s conviction. Demographics According to 2020 Census estimates, Birmingham recorded a population of 210,928,. The greater metropolitan area—which includes numerous surrounding suburb cities such as Hoover, Vestavia Hills, Bessemer, Alabaster, Homewood, Mountain Brook, Hueytown, Center Point, Pelham, Trussville, Gardendale, Fairfield, Forestdale, Leeds, Pleasant Grove, Irondale, Tarrant, and Fultondale —had a population of approximately 1,350,646.
Of that total, 68.3 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 26.6 percent white, 4.1 percent Hispanic, 2.0 percent as two or more races, 1.2 percent Asian, and 0.2 percent American Indian. The city’s median household income was $38,832, and the per capita income was $25,725. Alabama Power Building Detail UAB, which boasts one of the finest medical and research centers in the nation, is by far the city’s largest employer, with 18,750 employees. Other leading employers include AT&T, Regions Bank, Birmingham Board of Education, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County Board of Education, Children’s Health System, Wells Fargo (formerly Wachovia), Alabama Power Company, and Blue Cross-Blue Shield of Alabama.
Educational services, and health care and social assistance (27.1 percent) Retail trade (12.6 percent) Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (10.6 percent) Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (10.0 percent) Manufacturing (8.3 percent) Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (6.9 percent) Transportation and warehousing and utilities (5.6 percent) Other services, except public administration (5.0 percent) Construction (4.9 percent) Public administration (3.8 percent) Information (2.5 percent) Wholesale trade (2.4 percent) Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.2 percent)
BBVA Compass Bank Birmingham remains home to several of the nation’s largest steelmakers, including U.S. Steel, McWane, and Nucor and is also host to bioscience and technology development and some of the nation’s top construction and engineering firms.
Birmingham is also headquarters for the engineering and technical services divisions of several power companies, including Alabama Power Company, ENERGEN Corporation, and SONAT. The Birmingham metropolitan area is Alabama’s largest commercial center and is currently one of the nation’s largest banking centers, serving as headquarters for Regions Financial Corporation,
The overall banking structure in the city recently has been altered. Compass Bancshares, which still has headquarters in Birmingham, is now part of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria ( BBVA ), a worldwide financial services group based in Bilbao, Spain. Wachovia, which had a regional office in Birmingham, is now part of Wells Fargo as a result of financial trouble during the banking crisis of 2008. Ruffner Mountain Park The Birmingham City School System oversees a large number of public schools throughout the city. In addition to UAB, the city has two other major institutions of higher learning, Samford University and Birmingham-Southern College,
Historically black Miles College and Miles Law School, Birmingham School of Law, Jefferson State Community College, and Lawson State Community College provide other educational opportunities in the Birmingham area. Southeastern Baptist College, a nondenominational four-year institution, also is located in Birmingham.
Transportation Birmingham is crossed by an extensive network of highways and roadways: Interstates 65, 20, 59, and 459; and U.S. Highways 31, 280, 11, and 78. Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport is the state’s largest and busiest airport, with seven major airlines offering daily flights to many major cities in the United States. McWane Science Center Birmingham’s hallmark attraction is the towering statue of Vulcan that overlooks the city from the top of Red Mountain. Italian sculptor Guiseppe Moretti constructed Vulcan, the Roman god of fire and metalworking, in 1904 to serve as a fitting symbol of the industrial city for the St.
Louis World’s Fair. In 2004, after a four-year renovation, Vulcan Park reopened to the public and welcomed more than 100,000 visitors its first year. The downtown Civil Rights District also draws many tourists to the Civil Rights Institute, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, and Kelly Ingram Park. Other nearby attractions include the McWane Science Center, Arlington Antebellum Home and Gardens, the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame, the Alabama Sports Hall of Fame, the Southern Museum of Flight, the Alabama Theatre, the Sloss Furnaces Historic Landmark, the Birmingham Zoo, Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum, and the Birmingham Botanical Gardens,
Other outdoor recreation areas include Oak Mountain State Park, Railroad Park, and Red Mountain Park. The corner of 20th Street and 1st Avenue North in the city is popularly known as “The Heaviest Corner on Earth” after a 1911 magazine article on the construction of the last of four large buildings at the site. Rickwood Field Boasting the third-longest golf course in the world, the Renaissance Birmingham Ross Bridge Golf Resort & Spa, located just a few miles southwest of downtown Birmingham, features an 8,194-yard Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail course, which hosts the Regions Charity Classic, a stop on the PGA Seniors golf tour.
Birmingham is also home to the Birmingham Barons, a minor league affiliate of the Chicago White Sox. Rickwood Field, home of the Barons from 1910-1987, is the nation’s oldest baseball park. Legion Field, built in 1926, has been the host to memorable sporting events over the years, including many of the annual Iron Bowl contests between the University of Alabama and Auburn University as well as games by the University of Alabama at Birmingham; the Southeastern Conference and Southwestern Athletic Conference Championship Football Games; bowl games, pro football games, and soccer matches during the 1996 Summer Olympics.
See Gallery Additional Resources Armes, Ethel. The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama,1910. Reprint, Leeds, Ala.: Beechwood Books, 1987. Atkins, Leah Rawls. The Valley and the Hills: An Illustrated History of Birmingham & Jefferson County.1981. Reprint, Tarzana, Calif.: Preferred Marketing and the Birmingham Public Library, 1996.
How is it to live in Alabama?
Weather – Do you love sunny weather? Alabama may be for you! Alabama’s climate has an average temperature of about 64 degrees. This southern state generally has hot summers and mild winters, but also you will experience large amounts of precipitation throughout the year.
- Although most of the year, Alabama has sunny skies, it is also prone to tropical storms and hurricanes in areas near the Gulf.
- Finding the correct city in Alabama is essential since the weather can vary throughout this large state.
- If you choose to live somewhere North, like Auburn, AL, you will experience less rainy weather! If you like sunny weather, you may want to check out certain cities with the best weather! Living somewhere where you enjoy the environment around you is very important.
Mobile, Alabama, is a famous city with fantastic weather year-round!
What region is Alabama in?
Alabama is one of the 50 states in the US, located in the southeastern United States between Mississippi and Georgia.
What counties make up Birmingham?
The city of Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama and is situated in both Shelby and Jefferson Counties.
Is Birmingham a city or a town?
Between the Middle Ages and the Victorian era, Birmingham gained a strong reputation for metalworking and industry. Birmingham supplied the Parliamentarians with weapons and armour during the English Civil War (1642-1646), building this reputation further.
- This made the town an attractive place to live and work in, as there was plenty of work to be had.
- By 1731 the town had around 23,000 inhabitants and manufacturing was booming.
- The Birmingham born engraver Charles Pye estimated that by 1810, the population had grown to 97,405.
- He judged that around 400 new houses were being built in the town every year (fast growth for the time!) and that in 1818 the population had passed 100,000.
This amount of growth drew a lot of attention to the town and brought two significant changes. The Municipal Corporations Act The British government in the mid-1800s turned their attention to local government, and better organising the many towns in England, Wales and Ireland that had grown far beyond their original boundaries.
They found that often towns had grown so much that they had become responsible for many smaller settlements far beyond their own borders. This was seen to be a huge problem. A royal commission (a major public enquiry) was formed to tackle the issue. The Municipal Corporations Act of 1835 was the commission’s solution.
This established a system of municipal boroughs, which would be the way the country was organised right up until 1974. These were specific districts, governed by elected town councils. Councillors would be elected by ratepayers (those who paid a certain amount of property taxes).
The act meant unincorporated towns could petition to become incorporated, and to therefore have a town council. Birmingham was one town to quickly take advantage of this. Birmingham was granted a Charter of Incorporation on 5 November 1835, becoming a borough with a town council and a mayor. Birmingham was now on an equal footing with many other large towns in the country: from Manchester to Bath.
Birmingham is granted City status The town continued to grow. This immigration was mostly from surrounding rural counties, as more and more came seeking work. There was immigration from further afield: by 1851 1% of Birmingham’s population was a Jewish community from Germany.
Once famine started in Ireland after 1845, 4% of the population of Birmingham was Irish by 1851. By 1861 Birmingham overtook Manchester as the 3rd largest settlement in Britain. By 1881 it had overtaken Liverpool and was now the 2nd largest settlement. In the UK City status can only be grated by the monarch.
This does not give a settlement any special rights, but the title is a symbol of prestige, and it is something that is highly sought after. Traditionally, city status would be given to tons that had a cathedral. Queen Victoria would grant Birmingham city status in 1889.
- It is the very first English town without its own cathedral to become a city- chosen instead due to its size as a town and its good reputation.
- It was decided soon after that Birmingham was in need of its own cathedral.
- Other new cities, like Liverpool, built their own new ones.
- Instead, St Philip’s church became the Cathedral Church of Saint Philip and the new seat of the Bishop of Birmingham.
It remains the cathedral of Birmingham to this day, and a statue of the first Bishop of Birmingham, Charles Gore, stands outside the Cathedral.
Is Birmingham bigger than London?
London – 10,257,7000. Birmingham – 2,560,500.
Is Birmingham classed as a city?
|City and metropolitan borough|
|Clockwise, from top: Chamberlain Square ; the city centre ; St Philip’s Cathedral ; the Selfridges Building in the Bull Ring ; the Old Joe Clock Tower at the University of Birmingham ; the Library of Birmingham ; Corporation Street|
|Flag Coat of arms A bull|
|Shown within West Midlands county|
|Birmingham Location within the United Kingdom Show map of the United Kingdom Show map of England Show map of Europe Show all|
|Coordinates: 52°28′48″N 1°54′9″W / 52.48000°N 1.90250°W|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||West Midlands|
|City status||14 January 1889|
|Metropolitan borough||1 April 1974|
|Administrative HQ||The Council House, Victoria Square|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Body||Birmingham City Council|
|• Leadership||Leader and cabinet|
|• Leader||Ian Ward (Lab)|
|• Lord Mayor||Maureen Cornish|
|• Chief Executive||Chris Naylor (Interim)|
|• City||103.4 sq mi (267.8 km 2 )|
|• Urban||231.2 sq mi (598.9 km 2 )|
|Elevation||460 ft (140 m)|
|• Rank||1st 2nd in England and UK|
|• Density||11,070/sq mi (4,275/km 2 )|
|• Urban||2,919,600 ( 2nd )|
|• Metro||4,300,000 ( 2nd )|
|Time zone||UTC+0 ( Greenwich Mean Time )|
|• Summer ( DST )||UTC+1 ( British Summer Time )|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-BIR|
|Police||West Midlands Police|
|Fire and Rescue||West Midlands Fire Service|
|Ambulance||West Midlands Ambulance Service|
|OS grid reference||SP066868|
|International airports||Birmingham ( BHX )|
|Major railway stations||
|GDP||US$ 121.1 billion ( 2nd )|
|– Per capita||US$ 31,572|
Birmingham ( BUR -ming-əm ) is a city and metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of West Midlands in England, It is the second-largest city in the United Kingdom with a population of 1.145 million in the city proper, 2.92 million in the West Midlands metropolitan county, and approximately 4.3 million in the wider metropolitan area,
It is the largest UK metropolitan area outside of London. Birmingham is commonly referred to as the second city of the United Kingdom, Located in the West Midlands region of England, approximately 100 miles (160 km) from London, Birmingham is considered to be the social, cultural, financial and commercial centre of the Midlands,
Distinctively, Birmingham only has small rivers flowing through it, mainly the River Tame and its tributaries River Rea and River Cole – one of the closest main rivers is the Severn, approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of the city centre, Historically a market town in Warwickshire in the medieval period, Birmingham grew during the 18th century during the Midlands Enlightenment and during the Industrial Revolution, which saw advances in science, technology and economic development, producing a series of innovations that laid many of the foundations of modern industrial society,
By 1791, it was being hailed as “the first manufacturing town in the world”. Birmingham’s distinctive economic profile, with thousands of small workshops practising a wide variety of specialised and highly skilled trades, encouraged exceptional levels of creativity and innovation; this provided an economic base for prosperity that was to last into the final quarter of the 20th century.
The Watt steam engine was invented in Birmingham. The resulting high level of social mobility also fostered a culture of political radicalism which, under leaders from Thomas Attwood to Joseph Chamberlain, was to give it a political influence unparalleled in Britain outside London and a pivotal role in the development of British democracy.
- From the summer of 1940 to the spring of 1943, Birmingham was bombed heavily by the German Luftwaffe in what is known as the Birmingham Blitz,
- The damage done to the city’s infrastructure, in addition to a deliberate policy of demolition and new building by planners, led to extensive urban regeneration in subsequent decades.
Birmingham’s economy is now dominated by the service sector, The city is a major international commercial centre and an important transport, retail, events and conference hub. Its metropolitan economy is the second-largest in the United Kingdom with a GDP of $121.1bn (2014).
Its five universities, including the University of Birmingham, make it the largest centre of higher education in the country outside London. Birmingham’s major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Birmingham Royal Ballet, Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Library of Birmingham and Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes.
The city also successfully hosted the 2022 Commonwealth Games, In 2021, Birmingham was the third most visited city in the UK by people from foreign nations.
What is Birmingham city called?
The club’s nickname is Blues, after the colour of their kit, and the fans are known as Bluenoses.
Is there a city called Birmingham?
The World Games 2022 is Coming to Birmingham – Birmingham is the proud host city of The World Games 2022, The World Games is an 11-day international multi-sport event organized with the support of the International Olympic Committee. Held the year following the Summer Olympic Games, The World Games 2022 will showcase a new generation of global sports in Birmingham from July 7-17, 2022.
An anticipated 3,600 elite athletes from more than 100 countries will compete for gold in more than 30 of the fastest growing sports in the world. Helpful Links: Greater Birmingham Convention and Visitors Bureau Birmingham Civil Rights Institute Birmingham Business Alliance Birmingham 365 Population The city of Birmingham has a population of 209,880 (U.S.
Census Bureau estimate, 2019) and is the central hub of the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Area with a population of 1.1 million. The Birmingham-Hoover Metro is the largest population and economic region in the state of Alabama. Demographics Birmingham has a median age of 35.7 with a median household income of $32,404.
The median property value in Birmingham is $86,900 with a homeownership rate of 46.4%. The city is 71.6% black, 24.6% white and 3.5% Hispanic. Fast Fact: Birmingham is seventh among the 150 largest US metros for percent increase in millennial residents (ages 25-34). History Birmingham was founded in 1871 at the crossing of two rail lines near one of the world’s richest deposits of minerals.
The Alabama Legislature passed an act to incorporate the city on December 19, 1871. Housing Birmingham was named as one of the most affordable cities for first-time homebuyers in the nation (Lending Tree, 2019) and 1 of the 10 most affordable markets for renters (Zillow, 2019).
- Education The Birmingham City Schools serves 23,000 students from K-12 with 18 elementary schools, 10 K-8 schools, eight middle schools and seven high schools.
- The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) ranks 15 th in federally funded research among public universities.
- Birmingham is also home to Birmingham Southern College and two-year colleges Jefferson State and Lawson State.
Transportation Five interstates provide access to more than 80% of the U.S. population in a two-day drive. The Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport offers 114 flights to 26 airports and 23 cities. Tech The Birmingham metropolitan area has more than 550 technology companies employing more than 6,300 skilled workers.
The city is home to Innovation Depot, in which 112 startups are located throughout a sprawling 140,000-square-foot complex — the largest in the Southeast. Entrepreneurship Birmingham was voted the #1 Best City for Millennial Entrepreneurs (Thumbtack, 2015) based on friendliness of local tax laws, licensing rules, and the regulatory environment.
Healthcare Birmingham has the highest per capita concentration of healthcare jobs nationwide. Financial Services The city is the 12th largest banking center in the nation and third in the Southeast. Advanced Manufacturing Birmingham is home to 18,000 skilled automotive workers – twice the US national average and 20,000 skilled metals and machinery workers.